Saturday, September 25, 2021

ArtsJournal: Arts, Culture, Ideas

IDEAS

An “Epochal” Decline For NYC?

New York City, the financial and business capital of the world, and until very recently a hub for tourists, may well be the canary in the coal mine that predicts a decline in the very idea of the megacity. - The Baffler

No, Not All Judgments Or Opinions Are Equal

Popular dogmas such as “judgments of artistic value are subjective” and “all judgments of artistic value are equal”, university literature departments have undercut aesthetic education, and given power to the market to decide what is good art. - PopMatters

Our Classrooms In Crisis

At this moment of ferocious contestation over the meaning of the classroom, we might a closer look at what actually goes on there. - Boston Review

Problem: Making AI Addicts

When we look to concrete problems in present-day AI systems, we see other — stranger — ways that things could go wrong with smarter machines. One growing issue with real-world AIs is the problem of wireheading. - The Conversation

Blowback On Productivity

If you accept that increased productivity helps the common good, the question becomes how to reliably achieve these increases. Until recently, the answer to this largely involved optimizing systems. - The New Yorker

Dante’s Purgatory In A Time Of Global Uncertainty

The concept of Purgatory was relatively new when Dante was born. Dante’s conception of Purgatory is remarkably like a wilderness boot camp. Its terrain is forbidding—more like an alp than like a Tuscan hillside. - The New Yorker

How We Learn To Know What We Want

Capitalism promises an endless series of alterations —tiny changes that... don’t amount to change at all. Aesthetic education, where “one suspends one’s current values in the expectation of acquiring better values,” can lead to more authentic transformations. - Commonweal

The Case For All Art Being Ecological

 Works of art are not merely representations of the way things are but function to reveal and evolve a community’s shared understanding. Each time a new artwork is added to any culture, the meaning of what it is to exist is inherently changed. - 3 Quarks Daily

The Up- And Down-sides Of Envy

Professional envy can have positive and negative repercussions. Workplaces where managers make a point of comparisons — posting leaderboards or naming employees of the month — provide fertile ground for cultivating envy. - Knowable

Scientists Unlock Keys To Creative “Hot Streaks”

The team found that for all three career types, work tended to be more diverse just before a true hot streak than expected from the randomly selected points. - The Guardian

What’s The Next Defining Tech Era?

So what can we see bubbling up in techland at the moment? If you believe the industry, metaverses (plural) – basically conceived as massive virtual-reality environments – might be a big thing. - The Guardian

Where The Wisdom Of Crowds Falls Short

Our recent research suggests that while group deliberation can indeed increase the accuracy of forecasts, it can lead you astray when it comes to making a final decision. - Harvard Business Review

Where We Are Now In Teaching Machines To Learn

High hopes for the imminent arrival of general AI have been there from the very beginning, and the successes of machine learning keep them high. - The New Atlantis

How Expertise Is Being Redefined

I believe there exists a modicum of groupthink in an established expert community; solidarity in opinions may be seen as desirable among some in the scientific community, sometimes at the expense of intellectual debates and scientific discourse. - Future

Artificial Intelligence Will Likely Be More Tool Than Human Replacer

Though a wide range of A.I. technologies have improved by leaps and bounds over the past decade, even the most impressive systems have ended up complementing human workers rather than replacing them. - The New York Times

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