Study: Possible To Reduce Prejudice While You Sleep

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A research team led by psychologists Ken Paller of Northwestern University and Xiaoqing Hu of the University of Texas-Austin reports it was able to able to reduce prejudice through a combination of conscious brain training and subliminal reinforcement as the study participants napped.

How Machine “Deep Learning” Will Change The Things Around Us

Yann LeCun. CIFAR NCAP pre-NIPS' Workshop. Photo: Josh Valcarcel/WIRED

“Deep learning is particularly interesting because it has transformed so many different areas of research. In the past researchers used very separate techniques for speech recognition, image recognition, translation, and robotics. But now one this one set of techniques—though a rather broad set—can serve all these fields.”

How Nostalgia Can Fuel Creativity

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“Weirdly, nostalgia used to have a bad reputation—psychologists interpreted it as people avoiding the present, and it was even classified as a psychiatric disorder at one point. But recent research has shown that nostalgia can have positive effects, like making people more optimistic about the future and more willing to set new goals.”

Is Fear Of Death Behind All Of Our Accomplishments?

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“The terror of death has guided the development of art, religion, language, economics, and science. It raised the pyramids in Egypt and razed the Twin Towers in Manhattan. It contributes to conflicts around the globe. At a more personal level, recognition of our mortality leads us to love fancy cars, tan ourselves to an unhealthy crisp, max out our credit cards, drive like lunatics, itch for a fight with a perceived enemy, and crave fame, however ephemeral, even if we have to drink yak urine on Survivor to get it.”

Our Culture Is Based On The Enlightenment. Now Those Ideas Need Defending

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Immanuel Kant defined the Enlightenment as the “progress of mankind toward improvement” through the “freedom to make public use of one’s reason on every point,” and Vincenzo Ferrone claims it is this critical process that has driven public opinion and politics, giving us the language of human rights, tolerance, and individual liberty.

Study: Innovators Have Easier Time Justifying Bad Behavior

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“Refining earlier research, a newly published study finds innovative people are indeed more likely than most to cross ethical boundaries—but only after they have been engaged in creative work. According to a research team led by Ke Michael Mai, a creative frame of mind enables one to come up with compelling justifications for bad behavior.”

What If Everyone Had A Basic Liveable Income That Wasn’t Tied To Work?

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Those skeptical of basic income might ask: If you give people enough to live on, won’t they stop working? Won’t they get lazy? Evidence from pilot studies by Guy Standing, a professor of development studies at the University of London and a co-founder of the Basic Income Earth Network, points the other way.“When people stop working out of fear, they become more productive,” Standing says.

Eight True Things About The Way People Lie

8 true things about the way people lie

For a start, almost of us tell little lies, but few tell major whoppers. We lie to ourselves a lot, too. Even animals lie. But there’s a good way – an embarrassingly obvious one – to get people to lie less.

Storing Information In Other People’s Heads

Storing Information In Other People's Heads

“When we can’t fit everything in our own heads, we have to outsource information to others. But how do we keep track of who knows what? Commentator Tania Lombrozo shares some recent findings.”

A Big Step Forward In Mapping The Brain

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“The Allen Cell Types Database, on its surface, doesn’t look like much. The first release includes information on just 240 neurons out of hundreds of thousands in the mouse visual cortex, with a focus on the electrophysiology of those individual cells: the electrical pulses that tell a neuron to fire, initiating a pattern of neural activation that results in perception and action. But understanding those single cells well enough to put them into larger categories will be crucial to understanding the brain as a whole—much like the periodic table was necessary to establish basic chemical principles.”

How Procrastination Works

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“Procrastination is, in essence, stealing from yourself. The reason goals are so hard to reach, many psychologists think, is because each person believes they are really two people: Present Me and Future Me. And to most people, Future Me is much less important than Present Me. Present Me is the CEO of Me Corp, while Future Me is a lowly clerk.”

Why You And I Should Care About Game Theory (It’s Actually Useful)

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“Despite a heady term that calls to mind algebraic equations requiring chalkboard walls that lift up to reveal entire second sets of chalkboard walls, game theory’s a relatively easy concept: It’s using math, rather than your intuition, to make decisions. It’s Moneyball, not just peering from a distance and saying, ‘Looks like an athlete to me.'”

Trolls, What Constitutes Trolling, And How It Has Changed

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Way back in 1992, a writer for the Toronto Star described online trolls as people who “fish for flames” the way fishermen troll for fish. These days, Laura Miller observes, “‘troll’ is a word pinned on whoever happens to be upsetting us online.” Miller looks at the motivations of trolls and the rise of reverse trolling.