My Grantmakers In the Arts 2013 Conference. I’m Sensing an Evolution.

Grantmakers-2013-2-300x255A few weeks back I was invited to attend the 2013 Grantmakers in the Arts Conference in Philadelphia as a Conference Blogger. I joined Barry Hessenius (Barry’s Blog) and a whole team of bloggers, led by Ian David Moss (Createquity), from Fractured Atlas. I wrote three posts summarizing the activities I attended and reflecting on key themes, which you can find here. I vowed (to myself) that I would let the conference sink in a bit and then write a post for Jumper–a brief summary of the sticky points, if you will. This is that post.


In a relatively short period of time (since I was last at GIA in 2009) it seems that the conversation has shifted from being largely organization-centric to being oriented to the needs of both organizations and individual artists (with increased attention being given to the latter at the moment). This was certainly noticeable from the way artists were incorporated into the plenary sessions, but was also evident in the sheer number of sessions dedicated to artists, or artist collectives, or the relationship of artists to institutions (not including the Support for Individual Artists Pre-Conference).

Of course support for individual artists (in practice, or as a topic for conversation at GIA) is not new. What does seem new, however, is the idea that such investments are needed not simply because most artists exist outside of institutional structures but because artists are potentially important agents of change in the arts sector. If we want to see innovation in the arts sector, goes the argument, then perhaps we need to support artist-driven enterprises and encourage the presence and influence of artists within institutions.

To be clear, I didn’t hear the latter argument articulated, per se. The closest sentiment (I heard) came from Ben Cameron when he explained the motivations behind a new program at the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, which puts artists in residence at arts organizations with the aim of  Building Demand for the Arts. In his opening remarks, Cameron mentioned that the program was “a reaction to the book Outrageous Fortune,” which he characterized as having “reinforced a divide between artists and institutions.” (For what it’s worth, I would characterize the book as having drawn attention to the divergent perspectives of arts organization leaders and artists that many in the theater field were previously unaware existed or were unwilling to acknowledge.) In any event, I sense that this particular program of the Duke Foundation is representative of a more general idea in the air. As I wrote in this GIA post,

For the first time, in a long time, I was at an arts conference in which artists (rather than organizations) seemed to have primacy. Where are the new ideas going to come from? Artists. Where does the energy to create community organically originate? Artists. Who are the entrepreneurs in the arts and culture sector? Artists.

If this is a growing sentiment, perhaps it would be worthwhile to structure a discussion next year around this idea and its implications for arts organizations?


A second (rather minor) theme was one that I experienced in large part due to the sessions I chose to attend. It’s the idea that funders now have the motive, opportunity, and means to give communities-at-large, or expert citizens, greater influence in the grantmaking process. Whether they want to take advantage of these tools is another matter; however, it appears that some long established grantmaking processes and structures may be shifting.

When the Knight Foundation first launched the Knight Arts Challenge in 2008 my sense was that it was perceived as a quite radical leap for a private foundation. I didn’t see (m)any other established foundations following Knight into the land of crowdsourced grantmaking. Even a couple years ago when Ian David Moss gave a TEDx talk and wrote an essay advancing his idea for  Citizen Curators to be engaged in the panel process, the funding community seemed rather perplexed by the idea, and it didn’t really seem to take off. At this year’s conference,however, it felt as though the tide may be shifting. Many arts funders acknowledged that they are rethinking their panel processes and some expressed receptivity to the idea of opening up their decision-making processes for direct engagement, or at least influence, by the end users that they are trying to reach through the arts. You can read more about this theme in my third blog post, which includes a discussion on the shift in Irvine’s program goals and strategy.

If I’m right about this then, again, it could be worthwhile to engage a discussion or debate around the implications of such shifts.


After writing this blog I decided to read the wrap ups of my fellow bloggers and I was struck by two things: (1) None of us attended the same conference–in the sense that we each walked away with a different perspective depending on the sessions we decided to attend. (2) If you attend GIA every year (as I did for years) it is hard to sense the change that may be happening.

In advance of going to GIA I was told by those organizing the conference that GIA had changed quite a bit since I was last in attendance. I was skeptical. And wrong to be so. Being away from the conference the past four years has, I believe, enabled me to detect the degree to which some things have, indeed, shifted with the times. When I was last at GIA the conversation seemed to be largely focused on the mis- or under-capitalization of arts organizations and ways to enable and encourage flailing organizations to either innovate or die gracefully. No doubt this was in large part due to the influence of the recession.

Don’t get me wrong—Systegic Survibrustainadaptinnovaccountabeffectipreneurism (my mash up of current funder jargon) continues to waft through every discussion and capitalization, in particular, is still cooking on the front burner. However, the conversation seems more evolved now. I sense (and hope I am right on this) that funders have begun to see innovation as a process rather than a destination (and one that should not be institutionalized by funders) and to ask themselves a question that the chair of my department at Erasmus, Arjo Klamer, might ask. Namely, “What’s capitalization good for?” In other words, what are the “goods” (the values, ideas, benefits to the world) that foundations are striving to realize in supporting the capitalization of organizations?

As I understand it, GIA has been actively recruiting new members to the fold the past few years (e.g., family foundations, local and regional arts councils, and community foundations). Additionally, it feels as though the median age of participants at GIA has dropped. It makes me wonder if the evolution in the conversation (if I’m right about that) is a result of having a wider lens on the world … and the role of the arts, artists, and arts organizations within it.

I sincerely hope others in attendance will consider weighing in. Did I attend the same conference you did? If not, what themes emerged for you?

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  1. Mikel Ellcessor says

    “I survived Systegic Survibrustainadaptinnovaccountabeffectipreneurism and all I got was this lousy shirt” is a piece of merchandise just waiting to happen.

    thx for thsi summary. v worthwhile.


  2. says

    I looked at the session schedule for the GIA. There were about 30 sessions, but I didn’t see any led by artists, though some of the administrators might be artists themselves. I wonder what a panel of artists might have to say about grant making and makers — especially if they were thoughtful and didn’t merely vent.

    And I wonder if the shift of focus toward artists might vary by genre. In classical music, the shift seems to be toward administrators with few musical credentials formulating the artistic vision of institutions — usually with the backing of boards whose members also have little musical background. A notable example would be Peter Gelb at the Met, who is not an artist but who shaping a new artistic vision for the organization. Another example is Michael Henson who is attempting to rather radically reshape of the artistic mission of the Minnesota Orchestra, which along with large pay cuts, has led to a lockout that has lasted for over a year.

    I think the processes might be different in spoken theater, a field that is by its nature more entrepreneurial than classical music. It is not uncommon for directors and playwrights to be closely involved in running theaters (or at least small ones,) but how many composers are managing orchestras or opera houses? Quite a few lead small new music ensembles, but that’s about it.

    The GIA might focus on issues about how administrators and artists might more effectively collaborate in the artistic process.

    • says

      Another example from the other side. George Steele was the artistic director and General Manager of the NYCO. He is a conductor with a strong background in new music. Under his leadership, the NYCO, which had long been troubled, was shut down. Would a director with more training and experience in administration done a better job and perhaps even saved the institution? Why was Beverly Sills, also an artist, more successful?

  3. says

    You speak of the capitalization of the arts. What does that mean? What happens when we capitalize the arts?Does it imply something besides funding the arts? What is the meaning of capitalization in a non-profit context?

    Are we to define the arts in terms of durable goods and services and the price of shipping, maintaining, and financing them? Is there something inherently reductive in the process? Does this create a market perspective that in some cases might demean the artistic process? Are funding the arts and capitalizing the arts two different things? Are some genres, like musicals, capitalized, while others, like opera, are funded? Do terms like these subtly shape how we perceive the arts and position them in society?

  4. Marian Godfrey says

    I attended pretty much the same conference you did, Diane. However, I was keenly aware of at least one of the other conferences going on simultaneously (like a GIA multiverse maybe), kicked off by the Race Peace pre-conference and reflected very strongly in some of the artists who were present and spoke about/showed their work during the main conference (Marshall Davis Jones, Quiara Alegria Hudes and Nikky Finney stand out especially as articulating the concerns of both conferences–though making the separation between the conferences loses its usefulness as soon as one thinks of these artists). One phrase that I heard repeatedly throughout the several days in conversation with people who had been at the Race Peace workshop was about the need for artists to be responsive to, accountable to, not just their present community but their community of origin. This is a very resonant phrase and I applied my own meaning to it but suspect it carried a multitude of deeper meanings for those who were actually participating in that conversation. I am sorry that there was not more of an articulated overlap between these two “conferences,” (maybe I missed it); perhaps braiding these two energies together more articulately would be another thing GIA could push forward at the next conference.

  5. Jerry Yoshitomi says

    Thank you for this post and for your blog comments at the GIA Conference. While I wasn’t there, it does seem that the conversation has changed from previous gatherings. I also had the opportunity to read the comments Ian David Moss and his colleagues.

    And I loved your new word, or is it a phrase within two words: Systegic Survibrustainadaptinnovaccountabeffectipreneurism.

    Your comment about innovation as process vs. destination struck a chord with me, as often we think of grant fueled innovation and change as leading to a specific place instead of being on a journey that might take us to a ‘place we’ve never gone before.’ It seems that we do this for artists, but not for organizations. Do you see any funders that are looking to support the journey?

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