Forty years on

Yesterday I wrote about the limits of nostalgia, which put me in mind of the fact that I graduated from high school in 1974, the year that Richard Nixon resigned the presidency and Gerald Ford succeeded (and pardoned) him. To put these latter events in historical perspective, I’m as far away from them now as I was in 1974 from the killing of Bonnie and Clyde.

Here are some other things that happened in 1974:

• One hundred seventy-eight American soldiers were killed in action in Vietnam.

• Alexander Solzhenitsyn was expelled from the Soviet Union and Mikhail Baryshnikov defected from there to Canada.

• The Episcopal Church ordained its first women priests.

• Chicago’s Sears Tower was opened, becoming the world’s tallest building.

rubix_cube• Ernő Rubik invented Rubik’s Cube.

• Arpad and Giorgio Fischer invented liposuction.

• Art Fry of 3M invented the Post-It Note. (The company’s records, strangely enough, make no mention of Romy White or Michele Weinberger.)

• Henry Heimlich published an article describing what came to be known as the “Heimlich maneuver.”

• Barcodes were first used to sell products in stores.

People magazine was launched.

• The number-one hit single was Carl Douglas’ “Kung Fu Fighting.” The year’s top-selling album was Band on the Run, by Paul McCartney and Wings. The record-of-the-year Grammy went to Roberta Flack for “Killing Me Softly With His Song.”

edith-archie-bunker-100• The top-rated American TV series was All in the Family.

• The top-grossing (!) American film was Blazing Saddles.

• The best-picture Oscar went to The Sting.

Monty Python’s Flying Circus went off the air in England and was shown for the first time in this country by KERA-TV, Dallas’ PBS affiliate.

• W.H. Auden’s Forewords and Afterwords, Peter Benchley’s Jaws, E.L. Doctorow’s Ragtime, Lillian Hellman’s Pentimento, Erica Jong’s Fear of Flying, Pauline Kael’s Deeper into Movies, Stephen King’s Carrie, Philip Larkin’s High Windows, Thomas Pynchon’s Gravity’s Rainbow, and P.G. Wodehouse’s Aunts Aren’t Gentlemen (the last Jeeves novel) were published.

• Harold Pinter’s No Man’s Land and Tom Stoppard’s Travesties were written. The best-play Tony went to Joseph A. Walker’s The River Niger.

• No Pulitzer Prizes were awarded in fiction or drama.

Composer-Dmitri-Shostakovich• Dmitri Shostakovich composed his fifteenth and last string quartet.

• Hank Aaron broke Babe Ruth’s lifetime home-run record. (He held the record until Barry Bonds passed him in 2007.)

• Amy Adams, Leonardo DiCaprio, Jimmy Fallon, and Miranda July were born.

• Jack Benny, Duke Ellington, Charles Lindbergh, Sam Goldwyn, Darius Milhaud, and Ed Sullivan died.

• The U.S. unemployment rate was 5.3%.

• A McDonald’s Big Mac cost sixty-five cents, $3.14 in today’s dollars. (The same sandwich now costs, on average, $4.62 in the U.S.)

• A movie ticket cost, on average, $1.87.

• A gallon of regular gas cost, on average, fifty-three cents.

• A first-class postage stamp cost ten cents.

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Science-fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke speaks in 1974 about what the world will be like in 2001:

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Lookback: Our Girl in Chicago on memorizing poetry

LOOKBACKFrom 2004:

To memorize something effectively, you have to expend some interpretive effort on it, and with this effort you wind up in something like a conversation with the text. Grasping at least the literal meaning–not necessarily as easy as you might think, I’ve learned in my teaching–is the most efficient way of mastering a poem, so you can’t help but learn something more than just the words in the process. And the richer the text, the more there is to absorb. It’s sad that such a truly mind-expanding practice has been saddled with a reputation as just the opposite….

Read the whole thing here.

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Almanac: Patricia Highsmith on typos

INK BOTTLE“The likelihood of typographical errors in spite of rigorous proofreading was going to be the subject of an essay that he would write one day, Vic thought. There was something demoniacal and insuperable about typographical errors, as if they were part of the natural evil that permeated man’s existence, as if they had a life of their own and were determined to manifest themselves no matter what, as surely as weeds in the best-tended gardens.”

Patricia Highsmith, Deep Water (courtesy of Levi Stahl)

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