January 30, 2013
TT: The one good reason to take a chance on Broadway
A number of people have asked me to post the text of the speech that I gave on Monday at TEDxBroadway 2013. Here it is.
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I'm supposed to keep it short, and I approve of that. In case you've never heard it, this is the Drama Critic's Prayer: Dear God, if it can't be good, let it be short. So I'll be brief--and, I hope, to the point. I'm here to ask all of you a tough question: exactly why do you want to be on Broadway?
If you're out to make money, you've come to the wrong place. The odds aren't just against you, they're way against you. But does that ever stop anybody? Not as far as I can tell. Most people in the theater business long above all things to make it to Broadway, whether it's on or off stage. And I wouldn't dream of trying to talk anybody in this room out of that goal. What I want to do is ask you not to change your goal, but to look at it in a different way.
So let's start with what I call the One Terrible Fact About Broadway. Here it is:
Seventy-five percent of all Broadway shows lose money. Three shows out of four.
This being the case, I'm damned if I know why they call investors investors. What they're doing is gambling. And so are you, no matter what role you play in the process. Writers, actors, directors, designers, producers, publicists, stagehands...you're all gamblers, every last one of you, and you're betting against the house.
But let's take that One Terrible Fact and look at it from a different point of view. Why do people gamble? I don't mean addicts, but ordinary folks who like to visit a casino and shoot some craps or play the slots. Why do they do that, knowing that they're almost certainly going to lose money? Because it's fun. It's exciting. Stimulating. Not for everybody, of course, but if you're not the kind of person who finds gambling exciting and stimulating, you're probably not going to spend your next vacation in Las Vegas. And since we're taking it for granted that you're not an addict, then we can also take it for granted that you're O.K. with losing the money going in. Why? Because you know that you're using it to purchase pleasure.
Now let's suppose that you're not a casino gambler, but a Broadway gambler. You're not an addict, you're not a fool, you're a person who goes in with his eyes wide open. You know that you're shooting craps. You're betting against the house. You've only got one chance in four of succeeding, and you've been around long enough to know that there's nothing much you can do to change the odds. Sometimes good shows hit, and sometimes they don't. Sometimes bad shows hit, and sometimes they don't. What William Goldman said about Hollywood goes double on Broadway: nobody knows anything. And that means that there's only one reason for you to be on Broadway--and that's to have fun.
So how do you do that? If you're a creative person--and everybody on Broadway is, or should be, creative in one way or another--then the best way to have fun is to try to do something good. Really good. To roll the dice on excellence.
I know what you're thinking. So far as I know, nobody in the real world has ever set out to write a mediocre show. Even the author of Springtime for Hitler thought it was good. But just as there are different ways to flop, so are there different ways to be good. At bottom, though, I think there are really only two ways. You can try to shorten the odds a little bit by making a nice, safe show, or you can say, "The hell with it, I'm really going to roll the dice. I'm going to make the best and most original show that I've got in me. I want to work on the best and most original show I can find. Because it's probably going to lose money anyway--so why shouldn't I take a chance?" And that's the one good reason to take a chance on Broadway: to do something that's never been done. To know the exhilaration of embracing creative risk. To take a chance at being powerfully, excitingly, unforgettably fresh and original.
Here are four possibilities. Let's think about them for a minute.
• You can make a nice, safe show that misses the target and loses its investment. We won't name any names. You know who I'm talking about. And if I had to guess, I'd say that most Broadway shows belong in that box. Nothing ventured, nothing gained, no fun, no money. Why bother?
• You can make a safe show that hits. The 2011 revival of How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying fits in this box very neatly. It was about as risk-free as you can get. A musical that everybody loves, a star whom everybody knows. And it hit. It should have hit. I loved it. But...it was safe. Safe for the audience, safe for the makers, safe for all the people who worked on it. Nobody involved with that revival got to go home after opening night and say, "Look, I made a hat where there never was a hat."
• You can make a risky show that isn't a hit. Consider Lincoln Center Theater's revival of Clifford Odets' Golden Boy. It was brilliant. Every critic in town went nuts over Golden Boy, as well they should have. Because Lincoln Center went back to the well and revived a classic American play that nobody does, a show that hadn't been seen on Broadway since 1952...and they did it right. No creative compromises. No unsuitable movie stars. Nothing but a great script and a great production. And no, it didn't exactly make the box-office needle bounce--but everybody involved with that production is proud to say that they worked on Golden Boy, because everybody who bought a ticket to see it was stunned speechless by how great it was. I can tell you, it was the kind of show that makes people cry. Lots of people.
That's the right kind of gamble--to gamble on excellence--and not just because it makes you feel really good inside. Because every once in a while, excellence and originality hit the box-office bull's-eye.
And that brings us to:
• The risky show that hits. One word: Once. I don't know anybody who thought it made sense to bring Once to Broadway. I wouldn't have done it. A small, intimate, starless musical. No fancy sets. Nothing fancy at all. And the boy and girl don't even get together as the curtain slowly falls. And you know what? Once is minting money! A small, intimate, starless, cheap musical that sells out every show. Virtue has been rewarded.
Is that a case for taking offbeat musicals to Broadway? Absolutely not. It's the case for gambling on excellence. On originality. On accepting the One Terrible Fact of Broadway--good or bad, most shows fail--and letting it liberate you. If you can't count on getting rich, then forget playing it safe. Why not take a shot at being great?
Seeing as how I'm a Broadway critic, I'll end with a Broadway story. It's about Leland Hayward, one of the great producers of the Forties and Fifties. He was going to put on a play by Maxwell Anderson called Anne of the Thousand Days, and he asked Anderson who should play Henry VIII. So Anderson gave it some thought, and then he played it safe and suggested a good, solid actor with no flair, no panache.
Hayward got red in the face, banged on the desk, and said, "No, no, Max! Suppose there were absolutely no problems in getting anyone in the world you wanted. Who would you pick?"
Anderson didn't hesitate for a moment. He said, "Rex Harrison--but you'll never get him."
And Hayward grinned and said, "Why not ask?" He picks up the phone, he starts placing calls, and an hour later, Rex Harrison had agreed to play Henry VIII in Anne of the Thousand Days.
Hayward hangs up. He grins. He says, "There's a lesson in this, Max. Never start out asking for someone you'd eventually settle for."
And that's the moral of the story. If there's ever a time in life for you to shoot high, this is it. Don't start out settling for safe--gamble on great. Forget about making money. You're not going to make money. Instead, make something beautiful. Something special. Something new. Something that makes you proud. Do that and you always win...and who knows? You might even get rich.
Posted January 30, 2013 3:40 PM